By Yi Wang
This booklet offers a entire evaluate of the evolution of Beijing’s city constitution within the twentieth century, studying crucial social and monetary adjustments within the housing quarter. concentrating on the city alterations that came about lower than the marketplace financial system after 1978 and past, the publication addresses the demolition of courtyard homes in Beijing’s outdated urban, the relocation of low-income households from the outdated urban, the government’s function relating to housing within the urban, and home segregation in Beijing. increasing at the author’s PhD thesis on the collage of Cambridge, it really is illustrated with a wealth of ancient pictures and maps of Beijing. providing proper descriptions, wide literature and case stories, the ebook bargains a precious source for college students and students of structure, city stories and chinese language reviews. First released in 2013 via speed in Hong Kong, it has given that been extra to the libraries of many special universities, together with Harvard, MIT, Princeton, Columbia, Yale, Stanford, Cornell, U Penn, NYU, UC Berkeley, Hong Kong collage, UBC in Canada and the college of Witwatersrand in South Africa.
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Extra info for A Century of Change: Beijing's Urban Structure in the 20th Century
3 These powers were Britain, Germany, Russia, France, America, Japan, Italy and Austria. 2 Urban Development Prior to the People’s Republic of China (1900–1949) 23 Fig. 9 Map of foreign legation quarter in Beijing, 1900. Source Morse (1918b: 224) In 1888, an electric light was ﬁxed on the ceiling of the Dowager Empress Cixi’s bedroom. This was the ﬁrst time in Beijing’s history that electric lights were used, which inaugurated the age of electricity in the city. After the German company Siemens built a commercial powerhouse to supply electric power to the foreign legation quarter in 1899, the ﬁrst Chinese electric company was established in 1905 to supply electric power to the inhabitants of Beijing.
First, Beijing became a city with two-walled city under the Ming Dynasty. After Ming seized Dadu, massive new city walls, which were 12 m high and 10 m thick at the base, were built or reinforced. In order to protect the city from attack by Mongols, the northern part of Yuan’s Dadu, because it was sparsely inhabited, was forsaken and the northern city walls were moved ﬁve li (2500 m) inwards in 1369. After the Ming capital had moved to Beijing, During the construction of the new palace, in order to make more space for the new palace in the south, the original southern city walls of Dadu were moved two li outwards in 1416.
But during the period of Japanese occupation (1937–1945), the city was renamed as Beijing. 2 Urban Development Prior to the People’s Republic of China (1900–1949) 29 Fig. 13 Network of arterial roads of city planning of Beijing by puppet municipal government in 1938. Source Dong (1998: 300) Fig. 14 Plan of West Surburban New Town of Beijing in 1938. Source Dong (1998: 301) 30 2 A Review of Beijing’s Urban Development in the Twentieth Century be an industrial district. Chang’an Avenue would be extended, and a ring road would be built around the old city proper in order to connect it with the new towns.
A Century of Change: Beijing's Urban Structure in the 20th Century by Yi Wang