By Haig Khatchadourian M.A., Ph.D. (auth.)
It is neither far-fetched nor over-modest to imagine that a few readers will consider that one other publication on philosophical research is superfluous, on account that there are at this time a couple of high-quality books, essays or col lections of essays at the topic. a part of the explanation which makes me desire that the current ebook isn't superfluous is that its goal isn't the same as that of a lot of those books or essays. What i personally have at tempted to do is to stipulate my very own perspectives concerning the nature and attainable varieties and different types of philosophical research: the results of sustained mirrored image at the topic for the previous few years. The equipment of analy sis which are right here considered as "proper," and in a better or lesser measure philosophically necessary equipment aren't, of their normal gains, fairly whatever new. they're encouraged or are literally being practised through diverse modern philosophers; and a few of them have a protracted and hallowed background at the back of them. even if, the current paintings makes an attempt to offer those tools in a sort or demeanour which, it truly is was hoping, will cause them to applicable, or much less inacceptable, to philosophers with widely-divergent attitudes or biases. an incredible function of the booklet is that not anyone procedure or kind of approach is thought of as the correct procedure or form of approach to philosophical research to the exclusion of others; in sharp distinction to the perspectives or perform of a variety of modern philosophers.
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Additional info for A Critical Study in Method
Even the question which Nelson Goodman asks in his "On 1 Unless we are to consider "sameness of function(s)" in a given language as a completely adequate or completely precise account of it. " does not have a single correct answer. One thing seems certain: two names or predicates in an ordinary language have the same meaning under different circumstances, depending on the kind of names or predicates they are. Similarly with words other than names or predicates, with phrases, and with sentences.
This is another way of saying that if concept X is a member of class X, it cannot logically determine that class; whereas class X is determined by the logical content of concept X. Is concept X then identical with 'X's' connotation as a set of kinds of characteristics? The answer is again No. This is clear where 'X' does express a concept but cannot be properly said to have a connotation in our present sense. " But this fact does not adversely affect our argument. On the contrary, it makes the identification of a concept with the connotation of the expression which expresses the concept even more difficult to maintain.
The preceding distinctions are of the utmost importance, and we shall return to them in later chapters. They obtain in, and their validity extends to, "reformed" natural languages as well as to "unreformed" ones; and they are of great importance not merely in philosophy but in many other areas of human thought and action. For instance, the moral leader or reformer, as opposed to the moral philosopher, is concerned not only with the actual uses of ethical terms but also with the 1 This is well brought out by Flew, op.
A Critical Study in Method by Haig Khatchadourian M.A., Ph.D. (auth.)