By Maria T. Baldwin
Akira Iriye challenged historians to affix political scientists within the research of foreign non-governmental organisations, announcing in international neighborhood (2002) that this research presents a clean standpoint at the evolution of diplomacy and permits us to reconceptualize smooth global historical past. Baldwin s research takes in this problem arguing that Amnesty overseas has performed a outstanding function in shaping U.S. overseas coverage. Her research finds that the policymaking atmosphere has been, partly, re-shaped by way of the paintings of Amnesty overseas, for that reason our figuring out of the policymaking procedure will be superior via incorporating reports of INGOs and the importance of soppy strength into our coverage experiences.
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Additional info for Amnesty International and U.S. foreign policy : human rights campaigns in Guatemala, the United States, and China
The goal of the Appeal was to collect signatures for a petition to be presented to the President of the UN General Assembly and all heads of state, which called for the release of POCs around the world. The appeal stated: THOUSANDS of men and women are in prison throughout the world solely because of their political or religious beliefs. Others are held because of their color or ethnic origin. These are Prisoners of Conscience—none has used or advocated violence. NONE of these people should be in prison.
AI’s public documents are well indexed and the use of these public documents is encouraged by the organization. There also are private or internal documents which are not publicly available, indexed only according to date and AI is reticent to allow access to these documents. While it is not impossible to gain access to these documents, for example Stephen Hopgood was granted access to AI’s internal files for his 2006 book work entitled Keepers of the Flame: Understanding Amnesty International, he found the experience frustrating and decided instead to rely on interviews with long-term members of AI’s staff.
AI members came to believe they were successful in achieving political impartiality when they were called agents of the enemy in the Cold War by governments on both sides of the Iron Curtain. AI also worked to maintain political impartiality by keeping victims of human rights abuse central to their efforts. To that end, human rights abuses were not ranked, which would have suggested that some violations were worse than others. S. 34 Consequently, there was no black list of countries which AI labeled as the worst human rights violators or on the other hand, a list of the best protectors of human rights.
Amnesty International and U.S. foreign policy : human rights campaigns in Guatemala, the United States, and China by Maria T. Baldwin