By Penelope Nash
This publication compares winning, elite girls, Empress Adelheid (931-999) and Countess Matilda (1046-1115), for his or her relative skill to preserve their wealth and gear in the course of the profound social alterations of the 11th century. The careers of the Ottonian queen and empress Adelheid and Countess Matilda of Tuscany demonstrate a development of possibilities for ladies to entry wealth and gear. those girls are analyzed below 3 different types: their relationships with friends and family, how they controlled their estate (particularly land), and the way they governed. This research encourages a greater figuring out of gender relatives in either the prior and the present.
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Extra resources for Empress Adelheid and Countess Matilda: Medieval Female Rulership and the Foundations of European Society
5. Janet Nelson, ‘The Wary Widow’, in Courts, Elites, and Gendered Power in the Early Middle Ages: Charlemagne and Others, ed. 82–113; Henrietta Leyser, Medieval Women: A Social History of Women in England, 450–1500 (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1995), 168–86. Karl Leyser, Rule and Conflict in an Early Medieval Society: Ottonian Saxony (London: Edward Arnold, 1979), 70–71. Lynette Olson, The Early Middle Ages: The Birth of Europe (Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007), 172. Contra Constance Brittain Bouchard, ‘Those of My Blood’: Constructing Noble Families in Medieval Francia (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001), 175–80.
On 18 April Beatrice died but not before she had guided Matilda in how to operate as an effective ruler as Beatrice herself had done. Matilda was now in possession of extensive assets inherited from her father, mother and husband and was the undisputed ruler of territories that stretched from Lake Garda in the north of Italy to Tarquinia in the south. The fortress Canossa, where her grandfather, Adalbert Atto, had sheltered Adelheid, was also now in her sole possession. A year later King Henry IV needed to have Pope Gregory VII’s excommunication lifted because he rightly feared that his men would not continue to obey an excommunicated king and that therefore he would be unable to rule.
Caught up in the struggle for rulership in the West-Frankish kingdom, Emma failed to retain the allegiance of the leading men. KIN AND KITH: KEEPING FRIENDS AND PLACATING ENEMIES 23 Friends and Followers Like many noble women of the time, Adelheid moved to the locality of her successive husbands and their families. Her early experience stood her in good stead later in life as she negotiated her way through the critical situations in which she found herself. When her widowed mother married King Hugh of Italy, the very young Adelheid learnt to negotiate relationships outside her kin, surrounded by unfamiliar faces and courtly customs.
Empress Adelheid and Countess Matilda: Medieval Female Rulership and the Foundations of European Society by Penelope Nash