By Rudie Hulst, André van Montfort
This ebook provides an summary of inter-municipal cooperation in 8 eu international locations. each one kingdom learn sketches its attendant varieties, their institutional layout, the initiatives and potential attributed to joint professionals of municipalities and how inter-municipal cooperation operates in perform. either functionality and democratic facets of cooperation are habitual themes.
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Extra resources for Inter-Municipal Cooperation in Europe
Local governments: • • • • • • • • Run the country’s comprehensive and upper secondary schools, vocational institutions and polytechnics; Provide adult education, art classes, cultural and recreational services, and run libraries; Provide child day-care, welfare for the aged and disabled, and a wide range of other social services; Provide preventive and primary care, specialist medical care and dental care; Promote a healthy living environment; Supervise land use and construction in their area; Are responsible for water and energy supply, waste management, street and road maintenance and environmental protection; and Seek to promote commerce and employment in their area.
This is hardly surprising as the time period during which these reforms have to be implemented has not yet passed. The reason behind what might appear as a lag in effort is that both reforms will intensely change the country’s longstanding inter-municipal practices. The first is the abolition of mixed intercommunales. These are forms of intermunicipal cooperation founded under the former legislation in which private companies participate. Such intercommunales are quite prevalent throughout Flanders, as Table 3 shows.
A first reform concerns the duration of inter-municipal cooperation. 11 This reduction implies that municipal councils have to more frequently reflect on the continuation of their participation in a heavy form of cooperation and also restrains the life of the cooperative form itself. 12 A second reform regards the objectives of inter-municipal cooperation. The classic intercommunale could have multiple objectives. 13 In comparison, the decree of 2001 increased the constraints on pursuing multiple objectives in both the service and the mandated associations.
Inter-Municipal Cooperation in Europe by Rudie Hulst, André van Montfort